Tag Archives: green

An abundance of mangos

22 Dec

The mango season has arrived and with it the most delicious array of sweet, succulent golden nectar. Mango trees are like apple trees in the UK….abundant. Lining the streets, in gardens, dotting the university park. And now they hang like droplets slowly ripening to yellow, red, pink and purple. Especially delicious are the tiny yellow round Caroltina with a delicious sweet and spicy flavour. They haven’t been cultivated to the extent of the ones that arrive in Europe and North America so the stone is large, they are very fibrous, and bruise easily but the flavour is incredible! We’ve been buying them from a lovely man at our local market who currently is just selling  about ten varieties of mangos. There are also some beautiful rosy heart-shaped mangos which I can’t wait to try when they ripen.

A windfall of Espada mangos

A windfall of Espada mangos

The evening wind and rain we’ve been having recently (a grateful relief from the oppressive humidity) brought me a windfall of Espada mangos at the university (also delicious). I was inspired to make mango chutney as christmas presents, forgetting that nobody here would have any idea what mango chutney is!  Lets hope it tastes good and goes well with feijoada as well as curries.

Mango chutney ready for the jars

Mango chutney ready for the jars

Mango chutney Christmas presents under the tres

Mango chutney Christmas presents under the tres

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Christmas is coming…

15 Dec Our gorgeous little christmas tree

Today I have totally embraced Christmas. Despite the weather I am determined to bring some of the customs and traditions that make it so special. So today the house has been wafting in the smells of Christmas and been adorned with treasures. I’m already beginning to feel a warm glow and excitement…though the men around me aren’t helping!

I made mincemeat. I’ve never actually made it before, just helped to stir my mum’s delicious version. Lacking both suet and brandy it was a slight variation on the traditional mincemeat combining a various recipes. I just kind of threw everything together, some dried raisins, sultanas and candied peel, cinnamon, nutmeg, orange and lemon, grated apple, muscovado sugar and a liberal helping of whiskey. Luckily we did have some appropriate alcohol, non-boozy mincemeat just wouldn’t be right. And ahh the smell…. it’s my memory of the start of Christmas, the spices, fruits and juices mingling into a heavenly scent. I have to say it also already tastes pretty good! But we’ll wait for the taste test at the end of the week when I’ll be making mincepies for various Christmas parties. We’ll see what the Brazilians make of it. So far British food has got a thumbs up…lemon posset, shortbread and scones have all been a hit!

I’ve also been decorating the house. We didn’t want to buy anything because we probably won’t be here again next year but it’s amazing what you can do with a little bit of crepe paper, some wire, a few branches from the garden and a bit of ribbon. I borrowed a few ideas of the internet for the wire and watercolour angels but I’m so pleased with the result! Now we just need to plan something special for Christmas Day! But I’m looking forward to carols by candlelight tomorrow night.

Mincemeat

Mincemeat

Our cute christmas wreath

Our cute christmas wreath

Our gorgeous little christmas tree

Our gorgeous little christmas tree

 

 

 

 

Green shoots in the favelas

11 Jul

Following the depressing results of the Rio+20 conference I needed something to buoy my spirits and feel optimism about the potential for humans to use our intelligent creativity to solve the challenges ahead. Luckily, help was at hand through two amazing local organisations, Catalytic Communities and Verdejar. For the past 12 years CatComm has been highlighting the resourcefulness, energy, activities and community resilience within the favelas, supporting the communities to communicate their achievements and needs.

During and followering Rio+20 CatComm arranged visits to several different favela communities and projects. I joined a visit to Verdejar, “Going Green”, a project in Complexo do Alemao, made up 13 favelas in the North Zone of Rio. We were slightly late to meet our host Cicero, a history teacher cum co-ordinator of Verdejar, but he showed only enthusiasm as I rattled out questions (fantastically translated by Felicity from CatComm)  as we bounced along in a tiny van. Walking up the hillside, above us was the Serra da Misericórdia and the last remnants of the Atlantic Rainforest in the North Zone, which Verdejar aims to protect and reforest through its newest project. In what was until recently a dilapidated house and a small patch of open ground the local community has created an education building and a space to test and demonstrate agroecology, green sanitation and solar energy practices. As we walk up the small path towards the house on the left was a pit where they are growing banana trees to clean sewage from the houses, filtering the water, recycling the nutrients and producing bananas to eat. On the other side is a forest garden, where they are gradually reforesting the land whilst producing abundant food such as sweetcorn, fruits and salads for the community.

The sewage treatment system is in the foreground and a little of the forest garden on the right of the picture

In their education centre, recently decorated with greetings from all over the world by young people at the Rio+20 youth conference, Cicero shows us a video from a recent workshop where they built a solar thermal water unit on the roof of the building. All that was needed was to flow the water through tiny tubes in a black plastic sheet,  a few licks of white paint on the water butt to keep the water hot and voila! The roofs of Rio are dotted with blue plastic water butts, with this simple technology free hot water courtesy of the sun could be brought to every house in Rio.

Solar thermal heating system on the roof of the education centre

And they are now not working alone. They have projects with the botanical gardens in Brasilia to study the sewage cleaning process and with the biology and geography departments at UFRJ to study the impacts of the Serra da Misericórdia on the region, including the water and creating a cooling microclimate. In contrast to the secretive approach of many chemistry groups it was refreshing to see such openess to share ideas, communicate and work together with anyone interested. I hope that a new connection with the Green Chemistry Group at UFRJ can be developed!

But it was not only the physical steps that they had taken that was impressive but the community they have built around the project. This seems to have been integral since  Luis the Poet first had a vision of creating a green protected space in Complexo do Alemao, wheeled some plants down to an open patch of ground in his wheelbarrow and protected the space with other local people. Today many people help on the vegetable plot and the harvest is shared.

There are still challenges though. The Serra da Misericórdia is now protected by law but with frustration Cicero described how mining for cement manufacturing still goes on, with the people nearby suffering from the dust produced, let along the destruction of the precious remaining ecosystem.

However, I hope the vision of Luis the Poet will live on. Cicero was surprised by the current interest and enthusiasm from outside the favela in Verdejar, a project that has grown from a small seed and been watered with love and care. But it is these seeds that we need, these green shoots sprouting everywhere to feel optimism that we do have the creativity and will to create a more sustainable world.

For more examples of sustainable projects in the favelas watch the video by CatComm on “The favela as a sustainable model”